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Lead Abatement


Professional Abatement Services, Inc. has established procedures for protecting employees while working on projects where occupational exposure to lead may occur. Employees have successfully completed safety courses, drug-tests, and physicals (including respiratory fit-tests). P.A.S.I. has the capabilities and machinery to completely remove all lead-containing material.

Lead At Home
Lead-based paint is the most prevalent source of lead in the home environment, even though it was banned from residential use in 1978. Paint chips are a hazard if ingested, but lead paint contributes to a more serious hazard - lead dust. Lead dust is easily inhaled or ingested and very difficult to identify. It may be scattered through the home, increasing the number of potential exposure sources. Lead dust can contaminate: toys, play areas, including floors or soil, clothes, and food.

Lead painted surfaces in and around the home and window frames painted with lead-based paint can be a significant exposure risk. Friction from opening and closing these windows and doors can easily release lead dust that can collect on windowsills and other nearby surfaces. Any home renovation that disturbs lead painted surfaces can release very dangerous amounts of lead dust into the environment.

Hazards and Risks of Lead
P.A.S.I. will assess potential lead hazards on each job site and appropriate actions will be taken. On any job site, surfaces which represent potential exposure to lead will be tested.       

Possible testing methods:
-  Chemical test methods
-  Paint chip laboratory analysis
-  X-ray florescence
-  Or a combination to determine the presence of lead.

What is lead?
Lead (Pb) is a heavy, soft, malleable bluish metal. Lead is mined from the earth in the form of ores. Once extracted from the ores and processed into its pure elemental form, lead persists indefinitely in the environment.

The 3 major sources of lead are:
-  Lead-based paint
-  Urban soil and dust (deposition from paint, gasoline additives and industrial sources)
-  Drinking water (contamination from lead solder, brass fittings & fixtures, service lines)

Where are lead and lead-containing materials found?
-  Lead-based paint (primers, topcoats and varnishes)
-  Roofing components
-  Electrical conduits
-  Electrical storage batteries
-  Plumbing - solder, brass or bronze fitting/ fixtures & water service lines, interior piping
-  Imported mini-blinds

What are the Adverse Health Effects that Lead Exposure Can Have on Adults?
In the body lead impairs the function of the central nervous system, the production of red blood cells, and the functioning of vital organs such as the liver and kidneys will be reduced. It is transported by the bloodstream and stored, sometimes for decades, in the bones. During pregnancy, lead stored in bones can reenter the mother's blood system and seriously harm the fetus.

Lead poisoning is widely recognized as a serious public health concern. Even small amounts of lead in the body, as measured by blood lead levels, can be harmful. The toxic nature of lead is well documented. Lead affects all organs and functions of the body to varying degrees. The frequency and severity of symptoms among exposed individuals depends upon the amount of exposure.
  Neurological Effects   Gastrointestinal Effects    Reproductive Effects  
  Anemia   Chronic nephropathy w/ proximal tubular damage   Abnormal sperm  
  Encephalopathy   Colic   Arthrlgia  & Myalgia  
  Erythrocyte protoporphyrin elevation   Constipation   Miscarriages / Stillbirths  
  Fatigue / Irritability   Dyspepsia   Reduced sperm  
  Hearing loss   Hypertension      
  Heme Synthesis   Lead line on gingival tissue                                         
  Impaired concentration   Nausea                                
  Peripheral neuropathy   Renal Effects                          
  Wrist / Foot drop           

Chronic lead poisoning results after lead has accumulated (mostly in the bone) in the body over time. Adverse health effects may appear long after the exposure to lead has ceased, and are usually triggered by a physiological event such as illness, injury or pregnancy.
Acute lead poisoning results after a significant amount of lead has entered the body over a short period of time. The primary health effects involve gastrointestinal distress, destruction of red blood cells and serious brain swelling.